Mudcat Café message #1453324 The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #79934   Message #1453324
Posted By: Peace
06-Apr-05 - 01:56 AM
Thread Name: BS: Official UK election thread 2005
Subject: RE: BS: Official UK election thread 2005
Main Entry: 1ger·ry·man·der
Pronunciation: 'jer-E-"man-d&r, also 'ger-; orig 'ger-
Function: noun
Etymology: Elbridge Gerry + salamander; from the shape of an election district formed during Gerry's governorship of Massachusetts
1 : the act or method of gerrymandering
2 : a district or pattern of districts varying greatly in size or population as a result of gerrymandering

Main Entry: 2gerrymander
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): -dered; ger·ry·man·der·ing /-d(&-)ri[ng]/
1 : to divide (a territorial unit) into election districts to give one political party an electoral majority in a large number of districts while concentrating the voting strength of the opposition in as few districts as possible
2 : to divide (an area) into political units to give special advantages to one group         

"Elbridge Gerry was born in Marblehead, Massachusetts, on July 17, 1744. He studied at Harvard to be a merchant, graduating in 1762. He was elected to the Massachusetts Legislature in 1773 and was selected to attend the Provincial Congress in 1774. He was then appointed to the Continental Congress, where he was engaged in committee work on commercial and naval concerns. He attended the Constitutional Convention in 1798 but was opposed to the new Federal Constitution, refusing to sign it. He was elected to the first two Congresses from Massachusetts and, in 1797, was one of several envoys sent to France. He was elected governor of Massachusetts in 1810 and 1811. He was much criticized for redistricting the state to the advantage of his own party (Democratic-Republican). That incident was the source of the term gerrymandering. In 1812 he was elected Vice President of the United States. He died in office, on November 23, 1814, at the age of seventy."