Mudcat Café Message Lyrics & Knowledge Personal Pages Record Shop Auction Links Radio & Media Kids Membership Help
The Mudcat Cafeawe

User Name Thread Name Subject Posted
Teribus BS: Post Brexit life in the UK (6498* d) RE: BS: Post Brexit life in the UK 05 Oct 17

"Salazar remained in Power and remained a fascist until his death in 1970"

Franco lasted in Spain until 1975, "Communists and left-wing critics called his regime "fascist", but academics typically categorize it as conservative and authoritarian." The nature of the regime in Spain changed markedly over the period Franco was in power. The same can be said of Salazar's regime in Portugal. "Salazar founded and led the Estado Novo ("New State"), the corporatist authoritarian government that ruled Portugal until 1974. The Estado Novo collapsed during the Carnation Revolution of 1974. Evaluations of his regime have varied, however, there is a general consensus that Salazar was one of the most influential figures in Portuguese history."

This by the way was the Portugal that Salazar grew up in:

The era of the First Republic (1910 to 1926) has been described as one of "continual anarchy, government corruption, rioting and pillage, assassinations, arbitrary imprisonment and religious persecution". It witnessed the inauguration of eight presidents, 44 cabinet re-organisations and 21 revolutions. The first government of the Republic lasted less than 10 weeks and the longest-ruling government lasted little over a year. Revolution in Portugal became a byword in Europe. The cost of living increased twenty-fivefold, while the currency fell to a ?1/33 part of its gold value. Portugal's public finances and the economy in general entered a critical phase, having been under imminent threat of default since at least the 1890s. The gaps between the rich and the poor continued to widen. The regime led Portugal to enter World War I in 1916, a move that only aggravated the perilous state of affairs in the country. Concurrently, the Catholic Church was hounded by the anti-clerical Freemasons of the Republic and political assassination and terrorism became general. Between 1920 and 1925, according to official police figures, 325 bombs burst in the streets of Lisbon. The British diplomat Sir George Rendel said that he could not describe the "political background as anything but deplorable... very different from the orderly, prosperous and well-managed country that it later became under the government of Senhor Salazar". Salazar would keep in mind the political chaos of this time when he later ruled Portugal..........

Salazar was a law graduate who specialised in finance and the economic policy. After the military revolutionary coup in 1926 Salazar reluctantly entered government after much pleading and persuasion as Finance Minister in 1928, with Portugal under the threat of an imminent financial collapse:

"he personally secured from Carmona a categorical assurance that as finance minister he would have a free hand to veto expenditure in all government departments, not just his own. Salazar was the financial czar virtually from the day he took office.
Within one year, armed with special powers, Salazar balanced the budget and stabilised Portugal's currency. Restoring order to the national accounts, enforcing austerity and red-penciling waste, Salazar produced the first of many budgetary surpluses, an unparalleled novelty in Portugal"

In 1932 Salazar became Portugal's 100th Prime Minister:

"The authoritarian government consisted of a right-wing coalition, and he was able to co-opt the moderates of each political current with the aid of censorship and repression directed against those outside of it. Those perceived to be genuine fascists were jailed or exiled. Conservative Catholics were Salazar's earliest and most loyal supporters, whereas conservative republicans who could not be co-opted became his most dangerous opponents during the early period. They attempted several coups, but never presented a united front, consequently these attempts were easily repressed. Never a true monarchist, Salazar nevertheless gained most of the monarchists' support, as Manuel II of Portugal, the exiled and deposed last king of Portugal, always endorsed Salazar. Later, in 1932, it was due to Salazar's actions that the deposed king was given a state funeral."

Now then Carroll, take heed of this bit:

"The National Syndicalists were torn between supporting the regime and denouncing it as bourgeois. They were granted enough symbolic concessions for Salazar to win over the moderates, but the rest were repressed by the political police. They were silenced shortly after 1933 as Salazar attempted to PREVENT THE RISE OF NATIONAL SOCIALISM IN PORTUGAL". What a strange thing for a "fascist" to do. As is this:

"Just before World War II, Salazar made this declaration: "We are opposed to all forms of Internationalism, Communism, Socialism, Syndicalism and everything that may divide or minimise, or break up the family. We are against class warfare, irreligion and disloyalty to one's country; against serfdom, a materialistic conception of life, and might over right."

Shaw was wondering how he would be received in Madeira after we left the EU. That is how we got onto this diversion of yours Carroll. I still stick to my original answer to Shaw's question - No different to how he was treated before.

Back to the Main Forum Page

By clicking on the User Name, you will requery the forum for that user. You will see everything that he or she has posted with that Mudcat name.

By clicking on the Thread Name, you will be sent to the Forum on that thread as if you selected it from the main Mudcat Forum page.
   * Click on the linked number with * to view the thread split into pages (click "d" for chronologically descending).

By clicking on the Subject, you will also go to the thread as if you selected it from the original Forum page, but also go directly to that particular message.

By clicking on the Date (Posted), you will dig out every message posted that day.

Try it all, you will see.