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TAKE IT DOWN FROM THE MAST

Take it down from the mast, Irish traitors
The flag we Republicans claim.
It can never belong to Free Staters,
You've brought on it nothing but shame.

You've murdered brave Liam and Rory,
You've taken young Richard and Joe.
Your hands with their blood are all gory,
Fulfilling the work of the foe.

But we stand with Enright and Larkin,
With Daly and Sullivan bold.
We'll break down the English connection,
And bring back the nation you sold.

So leave to those who are willing,
To uphold it in war and in peace.
The ones who intend to defend it
Until England's tyranny cease.


From the site IRL-NEWS:
The song "Take it down from the mast" sums up the feelings of republicans
after the Drumboe executions
History: The Drumboe executions
Aengus O Snodaigh on the 75th anniversary of the execution of four
Republican prisoners captured by pro-treaty forces in the Civil War in 1923

The executions of prisoners held in state jails, as an offical policy of reprisa
l against continued republican opposition, was a heinous response by the fledgli
ng Free State. Over 80 official executions (77 is the usual figure given) were c
arried out in the short period of the Civil War, while the British executed 24 d
uring the Tan War.

The policy of execution as reprisal was carried out often against those imprison
ed in the areas where the IRA was enjoying a degree of success. By February 1923
there were nearly 12,000 republican prisoners of war incarcerated by the state
in various jails and concentration camps around the country. The first of the `o
fical' executions occurred on 17 November 1922 with the shooting dead in Kilmai
nham Jail, Dublin, of James Fisher, Peter Cassidy, Richard Twohig and John Gaffn
ey.

A unanimous cabinet decision authorised the execution policy and Kevin O Higgin
s, the then Justice Minister, stated: ``It was done deliberately and in the beli
ef that only by that method could representative government and democratic insti
tutions be preserved here.'' President William Cosgrave said: ``They are dealing
with the dregs of society, people who had no regard for life or property or all
that people held dear''.

The only difference between the official and the unofficial execution is that t
he state went through the pretence of a court martial before passing sentence. M
ost of those executed had been in jail months before being `tried' and then exec
uted at dawn, often in groups of three or four. But in one case six weeks before
the end of hostilities, with victory for the State in sight, four men who had b
een sentenced two months previously were taken out and executed.

November 1922 saw a general sweep by Free Staters through Donegal in an effort
to end republican opposition in the county. This sweep was successful in that it
captured the vast bulk of Volunteers operating in the county or forced them to
go on the run in other counties. Amongst those captured were the remnants of Cha
rlie Daly's column (2nd Northern Division) which had been engaging both the Stat
ers and the Crown Forces since May 1922.

Daly, a native of Knockanescoulter, Firies, County Kerry, joined the Irish Volu
nteers in 1914 abd as Adjutant of the Firies Battalion, IRA, he took part in man
y successful attacks on RIC barracks in County Kerry in the early years of the T
an War, and was also a member of Kerry County Council.

In September1920 he travelled north on Cathal Brugha's order to organise the IR
A in counties Tyrone and Derry. From the time of his arrival the local units bec
ame more daring and active in the struggle. He organised the first daylight atta
ck on an RIC barracks during the Tan War.
Drumquin barracks was taken and a large haul of arms captured. The local RIC se
rgeant was also killed in the attack.

Before being arrested and interned in Collinstown Camp, County Dublin, in Janua
ry 1921 he appointed a County Kerry man, Sean Larkin, as Brigade Adjutant. Larki
n had joined the Volunteers in 1914 and was arrested in 1920. In Mountjoy jail h
e went on hunger-strike and was released, and reported back for active service.

During the truce period of 1921 Charlie Daly and Sean Larkin reorganised the IR
A in the Tyrone/Derry area and implemented an intensive period of training. When
on 6 December 1921 the Irish delegation in London accepted the Articles of Agre
ement (Treaty) Daly and Larkin were among the first to reject its terms.

At Christmas 1922 Charlie returned to Kerry for a short period where he appeale
d for Volunteers to return north with him to challenge the Orange state. Among t
hose who joined him were Dan Enright and Tim O Sullivan, experienced Volunteers.

The reorganised IRA launched numerous attacks on the crown forces in the Donegal
/Tyrone/Derry border region. May and June 1922 saw serious engagements between t
he IRA divisions and crown forces at Pettigo-Belleek, Clady, Strabane and Liffor
d.

With the outbreak of open hostilities between the Free State and the IRA Charli
e Daly tried to halt the spread of the conflict and appealed to the staters in C
ounty Donegal to join in the unfinished work of establishing a united Ireland, a
nd the immediate task of protecting nationalists in the new Orange state from se
ctarian pograms. His appeals fell on deaf ears and on 28 June they attacked repu
blican positions in County Donegal.

The IRA responded with attacks on staters in East Donegal at Manorcunningham, D
rumkeen, Castlefin and Lifford before being forced to retreat further into the c
ounty. Daly reported to HQ soon after,"We had something over 100 men at the star
t, some of them were spies and traitors. In the course of a few weeks we were le
ft with only 30 men and nearly all of them were
strangers to the county."

He also outlined the harsh conditions which his and other IRA columns operated
under during the Civil War. "The country is so assuredly poor that we could hard
ly get enough to eat. We are often glad when we get potatoes and salt, or a bit
of bread and a drop of tea, no matter what side their sympathies were with, they
were always hospitable."

The 2 November sweep followed in which Daly, Larkin, Enright and Sullivan were
captured at Dunlewy in the shadow of Errigal mountain. They were court-martialle
d in January and on 14 March 1923 the four were marched, from Drumboe Castle whe
re they were being held, to an improvised firing range about 30 yards up a gentl
e sloping field in the nearby woods. They were summarily executed at this spot.

The song "Take it down from the mast" sums up the feelings of republicans after
the Drumboe executions

@Irish @rebel
filename[ DOWNMAST
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